Tuesday, December 30, 2008

Important Information-you may commen or ask questionst--ftcua8@comcast.net






go to http://change.gov

go to google and type in: Dr Florence Cua Christman

more than 6340 entries

I am a member of the American Chemical Society(ACS) and American Physical Society(APS) and the Association for Women in Science(AWIS), American Association for University Women(AAUW), Philippine Engineers and Science Organization(PESOworld), Philippine American Academy for Science and Engineering(PAASE), Philippine Association for the Advancement of Science(PHILAAS) which is a member of American Association for the Advancement of Science(AAAS), Bahay Kubo Research, Third World Organization for Women in Science(TWOWS). New Jersey chapter of the Health Physics Society(NJHPS).


From: "ACS Short Courses"
Date: December 30, 2008 3:34:23 PM EST
To: ftcua8@comcast.net
Subject: Registration is Open for Short Courses at the ACS National Meeting in Salt Lake City

If you're having trouble viewing this email, you may see it online.

Register Today for Short Courses at ACS National Meeting

Check out the 1, 2 and 3 day short courses at the ACS National Meeting in Salt Lake City, UT, March 21-26, 2009. You will also receive a free pass to the Expo with your short course registration. You do not need to register for the national meeting to attend a short course.

"Buy 4, Get One Free" and Early Registration discounts are available. See our website for complete details and to register. Housing is also available.

Biological/Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry
March 21, 2009 Chemical Toxicology: A Chemist's Roadmap to Reduce Bioactivation Liabilities in Drug Candidates
March 23-24, 2009

Drug-Like Properties in Drug Discovery

March 22, 2009

Introduction to Drug Metabolism: Role and Practice in Drug Discovery and Development

March 25-26, 2009 Fundamentals of High Performance Liquid Chromatography
March 21-22, 2009 Chemical Engineering & Process Fundamentals
Intellectual Property
March 22, 2009

Practical Approaches to Patents and Other Forms of Intellectual Property
Management/Business/Professional Development
March 23-24, 2009 Effective Supervision of Scientists and the Technical Staff
March 23-24, 2009 Effective Technical Writing
March 22, 2009

Practical Approaches to Patents and Other Forms of Intellectual Property
Organic/Physical Chemistry
March 21-22, 2009

Dispersion in Liquids: Suspensions, Emulsions, and Foams
March 25-26, 2009

NMR Spectral Interpretation and Organic Spectroscopy: A Problem-Based Learning Approach
March 23-24, 2009

Recent Developments in Organic Synthesis
Polymer Chemistry
March 21-23, 2009 Polymer Chemistry
March 23-24, 2009 Polymeric Coatings
March 25-26, 2009

NMR Spectral Interpretation and Organic Spectroscopy: A Problem-Based Learning Approach
Statistics/Experimental Design/Chemometrics
March 23-25, 2009 Experimental Design for Productivity and Quality in Research and Development
March 23-25, 2009 Statistical Analysis of Laboratory Data
Can't Travel? Check out our catalog of webcast courses that you can take from your home, office or lab!

This email was sent to ftcua8@comcast.net. To ensure that you continue receiving our emails, please add us to your address book or safe list.

manage your preferences | opt out using TrueRemove®.

Got this as a forward? Sign up to receive our future emails.
email marketing by Network for Good

Powered by Emma

Begin forwarded message:

From: World Wildlife Fund
Date: December 30, 2008 10:41:26 AM EST
To: ftcua8@comcast.net
Subject: Last Chance to Support WWF in 2008
Reply-To: World Wildlife Fund

Having trouble reading this email? Please visit WWF's website. | Have a question? Contact us.

Dear Friend of WWF,

As we approach the end of 2008, we want to share with you some of our special accomplishments from this year:

Protecting core habitat for the endangered Siberian tiger with the establishment of Russia's Anyuiskii National Park, which spans nearly 1 million acres.
Creating the first comprehensive map and database of the diversity of life in the world's freshwater ecosystems, giving conservationists vital tools they need to understand patterns of biodiversity and the threats to it.
Strengthening the governance and sustainable livelihoods of nine impoverished Huilliche communities in Chile, allowing local people to improve their quality of life while conserving their natural resource base.

These successes are just three from a long list of incredible 2008 milestones that WWF reached with your ongoing support.

Thanks to you, we've been able to reverse some of the degradation of our planet's natural environment and we've worked to build a future in which human needs are met in harmony with nature. Here are a few more examples of our successes this year:

We kept climate change at the forefront, connecting the changes in our global climate to the needs and challenges of conserving the world's biodiversity. This year, WWF's research on Sumatra's Riau Province was the first scientific analysis of ties between deforestation and forest degradation, global climate change and local population declines of tigers and elephants. We also led the world's biggest power-down, WWF's Earth Hour 2008, during which more than 50 million people switched off their lights for one hour to participate in a global symbolic statement encouraging climate solutions.
We created millions of acres of new protected areas in endangered places. In central Sumatra, the government of Indonesia finally decided--at WWF's urging--to more than double the size of Tesso Nilo National Park, a priority area for tiger conservation. In the Congo Basin, we made progress in our efforts to create an expansive protected network to preserve the region's tropical rain forests and their high concentration of carbon stock. WWF's advocacy and expertise supported the Democratic Republic of Congo's commitment to establish 32 to 37 million acres of new protected areas, conserving an area roughly the size of Greece.
We protected endangered species around the world. In Coastal East Africa, we worked with community volunteers to safeguard sea turtles at sea and on nesting beaches in Kenya's Kiunga Marine National Reserve. Thanks to our efforts, there are about 10,000 successful hatchlings per year. In June, the U.S. became the first country in the world to ban the import and sale of illegally sourced wood and wood products, as part of the 2008 Farm Bill--a huge conservation victory for Sumatran tigers and rhinos, Siberian tigers, orangutans and many other species that depend on forest habitat around the globe. Thousands of WWF Conservation Action Network activists spoke out in support of the prohibition on illegal wood.
We promoted sustainable approaches to the use of renewable natural resources. WWF's Community Fisheries Program cosponsored the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification of the world's first sustainable tuna fishery--one that stretches over a vast area of the North and South Pacific. The San Diego-based American Albacore Fishing Association (AAFA) "pole and troll" method avoids bycatch, unlike more common methods which threaten the survival of tuna populations and accidentally kill many nontarget species. The MSC certification is already helping AAFA demonstrate the market benefit of sustainable harvested tuna.
We worked with some of the world's leading corporations to help green their supply chains and reduce the environmental footprints of their operations. In February, we convened the 2008 Climate Savers Summit in Tokyo; the result was a declaration in which companies including Allianz, Hewlett-Packard, Sony and Nike dramatically scaled up their commitments to actively promote a low-carbon lifestyle among consumers, engage business partners in emissions reductions, and share proven approaches so others can achieve similar results. By 2010, participants in WWF's Climate Savers program will collectively cut carbon emissions by over 14 million tons annually, the equivalent of taking more than a million homes off the electricity grid.

As you can see from even a few examples like these, your support, your actions, and your generosity have helped in so many ways to save endangered species, protect endangered habitats and address global threats. But these conservation battles must be won again and again. Together, we must be ever-vigilant, as wild animals and wild places face ongoing challenges.

With only a few days remaining in 2008, we're setting our sights on 2009. Can we count on your support for the pivotal year ahead? If you're able, I'm asking you to please give your year-end contribution to help us continue our successful conservation efforts.

With your generous gift, WWF can maintain momentum going into the new year. Simply visit our secure donation form and make your gift by December 31 for the 2008 tax year and help protect the future of nature.

For nearly 50 years, we have been committed to achieving measurable progress toward conserving the world's great natural habitats. On behalf of everyone at WWF, thank you for putting your trust in us and giving your support.

Sincerely yours,

Terry Macko
Vice President, Membership

If you prefer, you may call 1-800-CALL WWF
(1-800-225-5993) to donate over the phone.

Make your gift by Dec. 31 for the 2008 tax year!

© Juan Pratginestos/WWF-Canon

Donate online or
call 1-800-CALL WWF
before January 1

© Zig Koch/WWF-Canon

The 80+ million acres of rain forest conserved by WWF's flagship Amazon Region Protected Areas program sequester 4.6 billion tons of carbon--more than the annual carbon emissions of the entire European Union.

© Mark Edwards/WWF-Canon

WWF works hand-in-hand with fishing communities to develop well-managed fisheries and create new economic incentives for a sustainable future.

© Kevin Schafer/WWF-Canon

Climate change will undoubtedly contribute to the local extinction of wildlife in the near future. It is looming particularly close in the Arctic for the polar bear, whose survival is intricately tied to the sea ice from which it hunts seals.

© Ramy Inocencio/WWF-Canon

In the wake of the massive earthquake that struck China in May, WWF's Humanitarian Partnerships program is working to promote green construction in affected areas, including three panda conservation landscapes.

Interested in giving a gift of stock? Learn more.

Make your generous gift go further by having it doubled or even possibly tripled! Find out if your employer matches your donation.

Thank you for being a part of the WWF online community. The email address we have in our records for you is: ftcua8@comcast.net

To subscribe to other free WWF E-newsletters or change your email address or contact information, please log in to the member center. You can also unsubscribe from WWF E-newsletters as well.

Ensure WWF E-newsletters always go straight to your inbox.
Add ecomments@wwfus.org to your address book or safe list. Learn more.

Please do not reply to this message, as it is sent from an unmonitored box. If you have a question about WWF's work, your account, or a donation, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions to find answers or to submit a question to our member services team.

World Wildlife Fund
1250 24th St. NW
Washington, DC 20037-1193

Association for Women in Science (AWIS)

Dr. Jane Lubchenco, NOAA Director

join Association for Women in Science (AWIS) and subscribe to AWIS Wire.

President-elect Barack Obama's Science Advisory Team


Monday, December 29, 2008

Tubbataha Reef



Lockheed Martin


question: locations?

question: projects?

question: what level laser can be used to cut trees for timber?

question: what are the regulations to accompany this invention or modification of an existing laser systems?

Sunday, December 28, 2008

Monday, December 22, 2008

previous FTCua Science Lessons 1- 11




Sunday, December 21, 2008

Certificate of Appreciation from MentorNet.Net


New Jersey Technological Council(NJTC)


username: s559
password: cca

The 2009 Media Guide is now available


NJ TechNews

LifeSci Trends

NJTC Member Directory

Custom Publications

Saturday, December 20, 2008

Science Lessons Readings posted on 12/20/08

FYI-not necessarily endorsed by FTCua, just suggested for further readings

1. Lightwave

a) www.LightwaveOnline.com
b) www.FoCenter.com
c) www.lighteltech.com
d) www.winchesterelectronics.com
e) www.bjgrish.com
f) www.pct.net.cn

2. Lasers and Photonics Marketplace Seminar
Jan. 26, 2009
San Jose, CA

3. www.JDSU.com


a) except for the BPA-bisphenyl A's component, polycarbonate is a good plastic
b) slowly turning to green chemical industry
c) stakeholders address the lack of good physicochemical characteristics of nanomaterials used in toxicology studies



5. Department of Health and Human Services


Environmental Impact Statement

National Bio- and Agro- Defense Facillity, Manhattan, Kansas

6. www.acs.org/globalchallenges

7. www.chemconsultants.org

8. www.EHSToday.info

9. www.ModernApplicationsNews.com

10. www.heartinsight.com

11. www.processingmagazine.com

12. www.networkworld.com

13. www.solid-state.com

14. www.automationworld.com

15. www.commoncause.org

16. www.industrialww.com

17. www.pennwell.com

18. http://lists.pennwell.com

19. www.siemens.com/onestep

20. www.siemens.com/oil-gas/

21. www.praxair.com/wastewater/

22. www.photonics.com

23. www.sony.com/alpha

24. www.oilfieldtechnology.com

a) Direct Hydrocarbon Indicators(DHTs) are seismic anomalies caused by the presence of hydrocarbons.
example: DHIs are seismic amplitude variations, flat spots, low frequency shadows, seismic chimneys and gas clouds.
b) http://www.iongeo.com/evolution/

Offshore Mediterranean Conference Ravenne, Italy, 3/25-27, 2009

c) 10th Moscow International
Oil and Gas Exhibition MIOGE
23-26 June 2009
Moscow, Russian

25. www.palladian-publications.com
a) Oil Field Technology
b) Hydrocarbon Engineering
c) World Pipelines
d) LNG Industry
e) HH Shaikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Bahrain
Society of Petroleum Engineers-MEOS 2009
16th Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference
15-18 March 2009
Bahrain International Exhibition Centre

26. Global E&P Summit 2009
26th-28th January
Hotel Rey Juan Carlos 1
Barcelona, Spain

Maximizing Operational Efficiency through Next Generation E & P

Media Partner:

BBC Monitoring
Energy 365
Energy Insights
World Oils


27. www.photonics.com

28. Industrial Water World

29. www.EHSToday.info

30. www.TotalLandscapeCare.net

31. www.cfo.com/new2

32. http://dietandhealth.cancer.gov

33. www.omega.com/

34. www.brookstone.com

35. when you look at schools, use this pattern: http://www.rutgers.edu, http://www.purdue.edu, http://www.columbia.edu, http://www.nyu.edu

36. http://www.freewebs.com/ftcuatableofelements/

37. http://www.awis.org

38. http://www.aauw.org

39. http://www.twows.org

40. http://www.paase.org

41. enhance your learnings from school with the internet

Tuesday, December 16, 2008

Science Lessons 12-previously posted in February 2008

Subject: Questions






what else do you want me to look for in the OSHA online register? How about the CDC? how about the NIOSH?

for the acronyms, see below...

there are other federal agencies like the Department of Commerce, Department of Transportation,

what else...

How effective are Metal Detectors on small metallic samples?

How do you pick up shards of glass?

How do you pick up non biodegradable plastics?

How do you convert non biodegradable plastics to biodegradable plastics?

How do you make green or bioplastics?

How do you clean up the mess in the landfills and garbage in the streets?

What do you know of Bioremediation, PhytoRemediation, and NanoRemediation?







check out http://www.ecomass.com

Now that we have gone full circle with naturally Preventive Medicine, Public Health and Therapies in case of Medical Illnesses,

let us apply most if not all we know to the New Elements, 6.6 Billion People, God, how She breeds(good or nice), and what amounts to the FUTURE of Mankind or Humanity, Womankind or Womanity and them KIDDOES and GRANDKIDDOES AND GREATGRANDKIDDOES etc.











http://www.osha.gov/pls/imis/sicsearch.html?p_sic=&p_search=petroleum refining

what else??? none for Magnetic Fields, Electromagnetic Fields, Radioisotopes, Radionuclides

there is for Uranium but not for Depleted Uranium Scud Missiles, none for Anthrax, none for Agent Orange,

how do we classify the incidents in Bhopal India, recycling scrap metals that have Co-60 or Cs-137 or uranium slugs?

My picture is on


I have a joke--limey or lemony?

More mundane: How do you monitor and pick up GLASS SHARDS or BROKEN GLASS, PLASTICS that are not recyclables or biodegradables, METAL DETECTORS are used for METALS, what else?

Who is into Nanodosimetry R&D that you know of?


Environmental Protection Agency(EPA), Department of Energy(DOE), National Science Foundation(NSF), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration(NOAA), Center for Disease Control(CDC), National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety(NIOSH), National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences(NIEHS), Department of Health and Human Services(DHHS), National Institute of Health(NIH), National Cancer Institute(NCI), National Library of Medicine(NLM), National Institute of Dental Research(NIDR), Occupational Safety and Health Administration(OSHA), Department of Labor(DOL), Department of Defense(DOD), Naval Research Laboratory(NRL), Chronicle for Higher Education, Center for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC), Community of Science(COS), National Academy of Science(NAS), Association for Women in Science(AWIS), chapter in Central New Jersey(AWIS-CJC), American Association for the Advancement of Science(AAAS), Third World Organization for Women in Science(TWOWS), Philippine American Academy of Sciences and Engineering(PAASE), Phiilppine Association for the Advancement of Science(PHILAAS), Philippine Engineering and Science Organization(PESO), Filipino American Association of Engineers(FAAE), National Federation of Fil-Am Association(NAAFFAA)

National Nanotechnology Initiative(NNI)

What should be the budget for the Flash Photolysis studies on New Elements Production?

Geographical Information System(GIS)
There is a job opening for Professor of Justice Studies(GIS), Spatial and Statistical Analysis at Winston-Salem State U in North Carolina for a PhD in criminal justice, criminology, sociology or related field from an accredited institution. Preference will be given to candidates with expertise in spatial analysis and geographic information system(GIS) technology.

That is one application of GIS-not just the criminals with ankle tag whose movement is monitored with the GIS which has GPS or geophysical Positioning system and also the contraband radioactive sources and machines, toxic chemicals and metals etc.

Someday, most if not all hazardous substances can be monitored by GIS, including radioactive, chemically toxic, reactive, inflammable and corrosive, e.g. chemicals, fuels, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polycarbonate, polyethylene, polyimide, polystyrene, polyurethane, polymethylmethacrylate, benzene, toluene, xylene, nitrous oxide, sulfur dioxide, and biochemically toxic agents such as nerve gas agents, anthrax, possible plant pathogens, etc. Also asbestos?, fiberglass?, acrylic?

Perhaps GIS can locate earthquake faults, potential climatological factors that will lead to adverse environmental and weather conditions etc.

The New Elements in the Periodic Table of Elements, http://www.dayah.com/periodic/
which is described in http://www.freewebs.com/ftcuatableofelements/ and http://homepage.mac.com/dtrapp/Elements/combination2.html

Question 1: What is the Relative Biological Effectiveness of the new elements? Quality Factor? Index of Harm?
The question is with very short half life that was not detected and catalogued or studied, how do you obtain the RBE, QF, Index of Harm etc. See National Council of Radiation Protection(NCRP) documents.



Question 2: Is there a need to bother with the very short half-life? Perhaps the answer is theoretically yes because the energies and radioactive, physical, chemical, biological hazards would have been released and spent already leading to medical problems that was not identified vis a vis that particular "element" etc.

Question 3: Is there a way to do epidemiological studies of the new elements? Can we do whole body counting, bioassay like urinalysis and fecal analysis and the more dainty teeth, nails, hairs, salivas or sputum etc. also analysis of blood,

Question 4: Is there a need to extend Transuranium Registry to the New Elements?

Question 5: How about for the toxic elements and substances like Pb, Cd, Hg, As, what else?

Check out the http://www.freewebs.com/ftcua1/healthresearch.htm

also Lobascio, C., Briccarello, M., Destefanis, R., Faraud, M., Gialanella, G., Grossi, G., Guarieri, V., Manti, L., Pugliese, M., Rusek, A., Scampoli, P., and Durante, M.


HEALTH PHYSICS JOURNAL. 94(3):242-247; 2008

Question 6: What is the applicability of Signal Processing and Pattern Recognition of biological samples, e.g. for the effect of the New Elements?

Question 7: Who is the current experts in Flash Photolysis?

Who is into Nanodosimetry R&D that you know of?


1. In the nuclear fusion reaction in the sun that we call solar flares and solar winds, also at the Princeton Plasma Physics Lab, in the nuclear fission reaction during the nuclear weapon detonation in the Hiroshima, Nagasaki, testings by the Americans, Russians, Chinese, French, English, Indians, Pakistanis, who else? there are energy releases and linear energy transfer and energy losses and production of new radionucllides which has a distinctive radiotoxicity and chemical toxicity being new or old elements that can be detected by methods in consonance with flash photolysis originally invented by Dr. Manfred Eigen and his two colleagues, Dr. Ronald Norris and Dr. George Porter, died in the 80s, Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967. LET alpha, beta, gamma, x-ray, neutron, proton, alpha, heavy ion, star aggregates, fission track etch and spectrometer can detect all these before nsec, or faster or slower time lapsed or decay period. Do not forget spontaneous fission from terrestrial sources of uranics and transuranics globally. Also, do not forget the research reactors, nuclear power plants, radiation research, radiation sources and machines in the Federal or National Research Laboratories, Hanford Reservation, Nuclear Waste Dumps and Interim Waste Storage Facilities whether Radioactive, Chemically Toxic, Reactive, Inflammable and Corrosive, Biological Hazards such as HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis

Product Information Compliance System(PICS) for insecticides, fungicides and pesticides

http://www.cdc.gov/ Center for Disease Control and Prevention...

The radiation, chemical and biological toxicity should be monitored. How to prevent them is by adequate radiation shielding and ventilation and protective clothings and eradication of the source etc.

http://www.freewebs.com/ftcua3/radonchapter.pdf Radon

my email is ftcua8@comcast.net

how do we go about writing this grant and others, http://usgrantsgov.blogspot.com to http://usgrantsgov15.blogspot.com

ROSES 2007: Astronomy and Physics Research and Analysis


Full Announcement


The synopsis for this grant opportunity is detailed below, following this paragraph. This synopsis contains all of the updates to this document that have been posted as of 02/07/2008 . If updates have been made to the opportunity synopsis, update information is provided below the synopsis.
If you would like to receive notifications of changes to the grant opportunity click send me change notification emails . The only thing you need to provide for this service is your email address. No other information is requested.

Any inconsistency between the original printed document and the disk or electronic document shall be resolved by giving precedence to the printed document.
Document Type:
Grants Notice
Funding Opportunity Number:
Opportunity Category:
Posted Date:
Feb 07, 2008
Creation Date:
Feb 07, 2008
Original Closing Date for Applications:
Mar 28, 2008
Current Closing Date for Applications:
Mar 28, 2008
Archive Date:
Apr 27, 2008
Funding Instrument Type:
Cooperative Agreement
Category of Funding Activity:
Science and Technology and other Research and Development
Category Explanation:

Expected Number of Awards:

Estimated Total Program Funding:

Award Ceiling:

Award Floor:

CFDA Number:
00.000 -- Not Elsewhere Classified
Cost Sharing or Matching Requirement:
Eligible Applicants

Unrestricted (i.e., open to any type of entity above), subject to any clarification in text field entitled "Additional Information on Eligibility"

Additional Information on Eligibility:

Agency Name

NASA Headquarters

NNH07ZDA001N, entitled "Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences - 2007 (ROSES-2007)," will be available on or about February 16, 2007, by opening the NASA Research Opportunities homepage at http://nspires.nasaprs.com/ and then linking through the menu listings "Solicitations" to "Open Solicitations." This NASA Research Announcement (NRA) solicits proposals for supporting basic and applied research and technology across a broad range of Earth and space science program elements relevant to one or more of the following NASA Research Programs: Earth Science, Heliophysics, Planetary Science, and Astrophysics. Proposal due dates are scheduled starting on May 1, 2007, and continue through April 11, 2008. Electronically submitted Notices of Intent to propose are requested for all program elements, with the first such due date being March 15, 2007. Electronic submission of proposals is required by the respective due dates for each program element, and must be submitted by an authorized official of the proposing organization. Participation is open to all categories of organizations, foreign and domestic, including educational institutions, industry, nonprofit organizations, NASA centers, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and other Government agencies’ Electronic proposals may be submitted via the NASA proposal data system NSPIRES or via Grants.gov. Every organization that intends to submit a proposal in response to this NRA must be registered with NSPIRES, and organizations that intend to submit proposals via Grants.gov must be registered with Grants.gov. Such registration must identify the authorized organizational representative(s) who will submit the electronic proposal. All principal investigators and other participants (e.g. co-investigators) must be registered in NSPIRES. Potential proposers and proposing organizations are urged to access the system(s) well in advance of the proposal due date(s) of interest to familiarize themselves with its structure and enter the requested information. Further information about specific program elements may be obtained from the individual Program Officers listed in the Summary of Key Information for each program element in this NRA, while questions concerning general NRA policies and procedures may be directed to Dr. Paul Hertz, Science Policy, Process, and Ethics Chief, Science Mission Directorate, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546-0001; E-mail: paul.hertz@nasa.gov; Telephone: 202-358-0986.This is a broad agency announcement as specified in FAR 6.102 (d) (2). Notwithstanding the posting of this opportunity at FedBizOpps.gov, Grants.gov, or at both sites, NASA reserves the right to determine the appropriate award instrument for each proposal selected pursuant to this announcement.
Link to Full Announcement

Click on the following link to see the full text of the announcement for this funding opportunity.
If you have difficulty accessing the full announcement electronically, please contact:

Dr. Paul Hertz
NAIS Support
nais.support@nasa.gov Direct questions about this funding announcement to:
Synopsis Modification History

There are currently no modifications for this opportunity.

Manfred Eigen, PhD

Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, PhD

George Porter, PhD


Flash photolysis
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flash photolysis is a pump-probe technique, in which a laser of nanosecond, picosecond, or femtosecond pulse width is excited by a short-pulse light source such as a flash lamp. The technique was developed in 1949 by Manfred Eigen, Ronald George Wreyford Norrish and George Porter , who won the 1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this invention.
Flash photolysis was developed shortly after World War II as a result of the military attempts to build cameras fast enough to photograph missiles in flight. As an analytical technique it was introduced to scientists by Manfred Eigen, Ronald Norrish and George Porter, who jointly won the 1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for this invention. Within the past 40 years the technique became more powerful and sophisticated due to the developments in optics and lasers. Also the interest in this method grew considerably as the practical applications expanded from chemistry to biology, materials science, environmental sciences, etc. Nowadays flash photolysis facilities are extensively used by researchers to study light induced processes in organic molecules, polymers, nanoparticles, semiconductors, photosynthesis in plants, signaling and light induced conformational changes in biological systems, etc.

External links

Nobel Prize: Chemistry 1967

This chemistry article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.
Categories: Photochemistry | Chemistry stubs


Nobel Foundation
Nobel Media
Nobel Museum
Nobel Peace Center
Nobel Web

By Year Nobel Prize in Physics Nobel Prize in Chemistry Nobel Prize in Medicine Nobel Prize in Literature Nobel Peace Prize Prize in Economics

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967
"for their studies of extremely fast chemical reactions, effected by disturbing the equlibrium by means of very short pulses of energy"

Manfred Eigen
Ronald George Wreyford Norrish
George Porter

1/2 of the prize

1/4 of the prize

1/4 of the prize
Federal Republic of Germany
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Max-Planck-Institut für Physikalische Chemie
Goettingen, Federal Republic of Germany
Institute of Physical Chemistry
Cambridge, United Kingdom
Royal Institution of Great Britain
London, United Kingdom
b. 1927
b. 1897
d. 1978
b. 1920
d. 2002

Titles, data and places given above refer to the time of the award.
Photos: Copyright © The Nobel Foundation

Printer Friendly

Comments & Questions

Tell a Friend
The 1967 Prize in:

Prev. year
Next year

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967
Presentation Speech
Manfred Eigen
Nobel Lecture
Banquet Speech
Other Resources
Ronald G.W. Norrish
Nobel Lecture
Banquet Speech
George Porter
Nobel Lecture
Banquet Speech

Articles - A glimpse into their world

All Chemistry Nobel Laureates

Who are the awarded women?

Watch TheNobelPrize at YouTube

Try the Nobel Prize Quiz!

Sign up for News from Nobelprize.org

About Nobelprize.org Privacy Policy Terms of Use Technical Support RSS
The Official Web Site of the Nobel Foundation Copyright © Nobel Web AB 2008
Subscribe to: Posts (Atom)

▼ 2008 (1)
▼ February (1)
Work in Progress


From: "kgma_news"
Date: December 16, 2008 3:40:46 AM EST
To: kgma@yahoogroups.com
Subject: [kgma] PGMA signs Renewable Energy Act of 2008 today
Reply-To: kgma@yahoogroups.com

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed this morning the Renewable
Energy Act of 2008, to boost her administration’s program to make the
Philippines 60 percent energy self-sufficient by 2010.

The new act is also expected to mitigate the global problem of climate

The President said the new legislation is the “first and most
comprehensive renewable energy law in Southeast Asia” that will enable
the Philippines to capture a part of the soaring investments in
renewable energy development worldwide pegged at $71 billion last year.

“With our Renewable Energy Act, we can now move aggressively to
develop these resources,” the President said referring to solar,
biomass, geothermal, hydropower, wind and ocean energy technologies.

This is so because the new law provides the legal and institutional
framework necessary for harmonizing policies on the swift development
of renewable energy technologies.

“From 45 percent before our administration, we became 57 percent
self-sufficient in energy in 2007, as we aim now to reach 60 percent
by 2010, thanks in part to legislation and in part to the development
of our renewable energy resources,’ the President said.

The President also said that not only did the ‘politically unpopular”
new revenue measures helped tide off the impact of the global economic
slowdown on the Philippines but also her focus on building up new
industries such as the biofuels industry, and now, the renewable
energy industry.

The President also noted that the Philippines is the second largest
geothermal power producer in the world, the highest wind power
potential in the region, and one with the highest solar power
penetration and abundant hydropower and biomass resources.

“There have been big leaps in renewable energy development throughout
the globe in recent years,’ she also noted.

The Renewable Energy law aims to accelerate the exploration and
development of renewable energy resources as well as to increase the
utilization of renewable energy by institutionalizing the development
of national and local capabilities in the use of renewable energy
systems, and promoting its efficient and cost-effective commercial
application by providing fiscal and non-fiscal incentives.

The law also encourages the development and utilization of renewable
energy resources as effective tools to prevent or reduce harmful
emissions and thereby balancing the goals of economic growth and
development with the protection of health and the environment. The new
act also intends to establish the necessary infrastructure to carry
out the mandates specified in the law and other relevant existing laws.

The new law provides a seven-year income tax holiday and tax
exemptions for the carbon credits generated from renewable energy
sources. A 10% corporate income tax, as against the regular 30%, is
also provided once the income tax holiday expires; energy
self-sufficiency to 60% by 2010 from 56.6% in 2005, by tapping
resources like solar, wind, hydropower, ocean and biomass energy;
renewable energy facilities will also be given a 1.5% realty tax cap
on original cost of equipment and facilities to produce renewable energy.

The law also prioritizes the purchase, grid connection and
transmission of electricity generated by companies from renewable
energy sources and power generated from renewable energy sources will
be value added tax-exempt.

A study done by the WWF and the University of the Philippines National
Engineering Center showed that the country can save as much as $2.9
billion from avoided importation of fossil fuel by merely increasing
the country's renewable energy share in its power generation mix from
0.16% to 41%.

Today, 26% of the country's power comes from burning imported coal,
whilst 23% comes from burning oil. Last year the country imported
101.4 million barrels of oil, costing $7.5 billion.

An analysis by the Renewable Energy Coalition showed renewable energy
sources can reduce the country's oil imports by half, and the savings
can be used for social and infrastructure programs.

Specifically, the law aims to:

1. Accelerate the development of renewable energy resources to achieve
energy self-reliance through the exploration, development and
utilization of renewable energy resources such as, but not limited to,
biomass, solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal, and ocean energy sources
or hybrid systems;

2. Increase the utilization of renewable energy by institutionalizing
its use, developing national and local capabilities in the use of
renewable energy systems and promoting its efficient utilization and
widespread commercial application by providing fiscal and non-fiscal
incentives; and,

3. Establish the necessary infrastructure to carry out the mandates of
the DOE under other existing laws.

The Department of Energy, in its implementation of the RE Law will be
assisted by the National Renewable Energy Board composed of RE
stakeholders in formulating and providing policy guidelines to ensure
the proper implementation of the Law.

Energy Secretary Angelo Reyes said the implementation of this Act will
redound to greater benefits to the country through a substantial
savings in imported fuel, which can be used to augment the budget for
social development. The reduction in greenhouse gas emissions as a
result of increase utilization of renewable energy can mitigate health
cases and promote the longevity of the lives of Filipinos and the
future generation.

Recycling Batteries